Geographic Information System for Flood Prone Location

Geographic Information System for Flood Prone Location

Geographic Information System for Flood Prone Location

Proposed System

The use of technology is very helpful especially when incorporated in the field of preventing disasters. The researcher of the proposed system entitled Geographic Information System for Flood Prone Location aimed to provide a platform wherein it stores and monitors geographic information with flood prone location. This is very helpful especially in prevention of disasters such as flood. The system can be access both by users and the admin. The admins will maintain the information that are found at the system, the geographic information and flood prone areas. The user can utilize the system as a basis about decisions involving geographic areas. Also if they atre settling in areas that are flood prone. The system will help in reducing risk especially in time of calamities. The system will be easy to utilize. This is accessible, fast, and very reliable.

Geographic Information System for Flood Prone Location

Geographic Information System for Flood Prone Location

System Implementation

This system will significantly contribute for the prevention for disasters. The end user will significantly benefit from this project, thus the researchers will present this study to them. The researchers will be providing questionnaire to the end user that will be answered about the system. The end user will also provide their suggestions and recommendations to the proponents so that the system will be further enhanced.

Objectives of the Study

  • To provide a system that will serve as the monitoring system of flood prone areas. To provide a system that would relay up to date information about geographic areas.
  • To let administrators have a system that will help them store information about geographic location.
  • To provide and up-to-date information about the flood prone areas.
  • To provide a system that is very accessible to the users.

Significance of the Study

The following will benefit from this project:

Administrators. This system will make their work easy. They can easily update information about geographic locations and flood prone areas.

Users. This will serve as their basis of reliable information. They can rely on this system for valuable information,

Proponents. The result of this project will make the proponents thoroughly understand their project.

Project Plan/SDLC

As operating the system, the researchers used the software development cycle (SDLC), the overall process that consists of six cycles. First, the researchers determine all the requirements that are needed for the developing of the system. The researcher will determine whether its hardware or software will be used in the system. After determining all the requirements for creating this system, now proceeds to gather relevant information; they will conduct an interview to the management. After gathering all the necessary information for the system, it is the time to analyse the data; this is where the researcher analyses the data to identify all the information needed for the development of the system. After that, the designing of the system, will takes place, in this cycle the researchers will design the system regarding to the requirement that specified, this is where the design is created in detailed. After the designing process, the coding phase will start. The last cycle, to finally build the system, the researcher should perform the last cycle, this is where they will encodes all the code for checking for the errors and debugging to know if it’s successful or not.

Hardware needed for the System

Arduino is a microcontroller that is used to sense the environment by receiving input from the sensor and can affect its surrounding. It is a prototyping platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software that can read inputs.

Float Switch is a device used to detect the level of liquid. The purpose of a float switch is to open or close a circuit as the level of a liquid rises or falls.

GSM Shield is used to transmitting the data from sensors to the PC System through wireless transmission. It is a specialised type of modem that operates over subscription based wireless networks which are similar to a mobile phone. It accepts a SIM card and basically acts like a mobile phone for the computer. It sends and receives data through radio waves.

Mobile Phones is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls or text over a radio frequency carrier. Android is a smartphone operating system developed by Google and it is used to run a mobile application.

Laptop/Computer is a device that accepts information use for the development of the system.

Software Needed for the System

The proposed system is intended using the following software application in developing the system.

WampServer refers to a software stack for the Microsoft Windows operating system, created by Romain Bourdon and consisting of the Apache web server, OpenSSL for SSL support, MySQL database and PHP programming language.

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) that would be used for the design of the system, PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is a server-side scripting language that’s used for web development and also used as a general-purpose programming language.

MySQLFront for the query, researchers used a client for Windows that allowed for the management, to manage a local or remote Database through a client interface. Researchers would like to focus the attention a little on a functionality of MySQLFront and that is the ability to load, import and export databases of significant dimensions without losing data or getting errors.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) are a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in HTML or XML. CSS describes how elements should be rendered on screen, on paper, in speech, or in other media.

JavaScriptis classified as a prototype-based scripting language with dynamic typing and has first class functions. This mix of features makes it a multi-paradigm language, supporting object-oriented, imperative and functional programming styles. Despite same naming, syntax and standard library similarities, JavaScript and Java are otherwise unrelated and have very different semantics.

C++ is used for coding in Arduino. It is a general purpose object-oriented programming language. It is considered to be an intermediate-level language, as it encapsulates both high and low-level language features.

Notepad++ is a text editor and source code editor for Windows, opens large files significantly. The project’s name comes from the C increment operator.

Google Chrome serves as a browser and intranet for the connection only within the organization.

QGIS is open source software. This means that the software source code can be freely viewed and modified. The GPL places a restriction that any modifications you make must be made available in source form to whoever you give modified versions to, and that you cannot create a new version of QGIS under a ‘closed source’ license. Visit the QGIS home page ( for more information.

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