IPO Model Conceptual Framework of QR Code Fare Payment System

IPO Model Conceptual Framework of QR Code Fare Payment System

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This article focuses on the conceptual framework of the QR Code Fare Payment System. In establishing the conceptual framework, the researchers used the IPO model.

About Project

The capstone project, “QR Code Fare Payment System” is designed to automate the procedure of paying for a fare when riding a vehicle. Passengers will register in the system to receive their own QR code, which they will use to pay for their fares by scanning in the system’s QR code scanning page. The project will enable cashless fare payment.

QR Code Fare Payment System - Passenger Profile with QR Code
QR Code Fare Payment System – Passenger Profile with QR Code

Conventionally, a public utility vehicle fare payment system is done manually. Passengers will receive paper tickets that display the number of fares they must pay. This method is ineffective and is prone to human errors. The conventional method requires human power which means hiring more numbers of staff to facilitate the ticketing and collection of payment. Errors in the amount of payment and changes also have a high percentage to occur. The manual fare payment system has a lot of disadvantages that result in service inefficiency and unsatisfying customer experience.

Objectives of the Study

  1. To design a system that will generate QR codes for the registered users that they can use to electronically par for fares.
  2. The develop project is a fare payment system that is based on QR Codes.
  3. The system will contain the information of the passengers as well as their balances to pay for fares.
  4. The system will bring great convenience to the passengers.
  5. The system will eliminate manual ticketing and collection of payments.

Conceptual Framework/Model

The study is directed by the Logic Model Approach to design, develop, implement, and provide a foundation for detecting and measuring the impact of QR Code Fare Payment System usage.

Conceptual Framework of QR Code Fare Payment System
Conceptual Framework of QR Code Fare Payment System

Input

Problem Identification – the respondents of this study will be those who are inchare in managing PUV’s and their passengers. The researchers will study the system of salary notification in the organization. Conventionally, a public utility vehicle fare payment system is done manually. Passengers will receive paper tickets that display the number of fares they must pay.

A number of problems have been reported with the QR code fare payment system’s ability to scan and understand QR codes. Customers have been experiencing difficulties paying for their fares, as well as extended wait times at fare payment kiosks as a result of this.

Several potential remedies that may be adopted in order to address this issue have been identified. One possible option would be to increase the number of QR code readers at the fare payment kiosks in order to cut wait times, which would be beneficial. Creating a manual check-out system, in which consumers physically scan their QR code and pay for their fare at the counter, would be an alternative solution to the current situation.

User Requirement – this is the part where the researchers have gathered information on the specific features of the system. It is very important to consider their ideas since they will be the one to use the QR Code Fare Payment System in Public Utility Vehicles.

Literature Review – the researchers have conducted researches and studies that are closely related to the propose system. This process will help the researchers in the development of the project or system.

Planning and Preparation – this is the part where the researchers will prepare the timeline and scheduled of activities for the entire project.

Process

Identify the features of the system – this stage of the process cycle is where the researchers enumerates the list of features to be included in the system based on the specified requirements needed by the end-users.

Screen layout – the researchers created a wireframe for every features and form design as well. User Interface of the project is the output for this part.

ERD – entity relationship diagram represents the structural data model of the project.

Database Design – the ERD will be converted into the actual database that will be used in the project, in this case the ERD will be converted into a SQL database.

Use Case – the researchers also prepares a diagram on what are the features the users can access.

Programming/Coding – this is the project comes into life, the project will be developed in PHP, MySQL and Bootstrap.

Testing – the project needs to be tested before it will be implemented with live data and information.

Output

Deployment and Implementation of QR Code Fare Payment System. The implementation is designed to run in parallel, which means that the current manual technique will continue to be used while the system is operational. The parallel technique compares the results of the manual with the results of the QR-Code-based Fare payment system. The manual procedure will eventually be phased out, and the system will be fully implemented.

With the QR Code Fare Payment System, passengers can purchase and validate tickets using a smartphone or other mobile device, which is a form of electronic fare collecting. To encode information about the ticket, the system makes use of QR codes, which can include information such as the type of fare, the duration of validity, and any specific circumstances. A passenger can scan a QR code on their ticket and the system validates the ticket and charges the proper cost when the passenger scans the code.

Outcome

  • automate the procedure of paying for a fare when riding a vehicle.
  • enable cashless fare payment.

Impact

  • The system will bring great convenience to the passengers in terms of paying their fare.
IPO Model Conceptual Framework of QR Code Fare Payment System
IPO Model Conceptual Framework of QR Code Fare Payment System

Summary

The focus of this research was on the conceptual framework for the QR Code Fare Payment System. The input, process, output, outcome, and influence of the system are all depicted in the conceptual framework. The researchers should identify and determine Problem Identification, User Requirement, Literature Review, and Planning and Preparation throughout the input phase. Identifying the system’s features, screen layout, ERD, Use Case, Database Design, Programming/Coding, and Testing are all part of the process. The QR Code Fare Payment System will be developed and used after the entire process is completed. The project will automate the process of paying for a trip when riding a vehicle and enable cashless fare payment. The system will provide passengers with a great deal of convenience when it comes to paying their fare.

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