Alternative Learning System Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature

Alternative Learning System Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature

The purpose of this documentation was to provide and gather relevant studies and systems that might help in the development of the system entitled Alternative Learning System.

Chapter II- Review of Related Literature

  • Related Studies

Local Studies

Basic principles and techniques for constructing a student tracking system, either at the institutional or system level, are presented and illustrated. The design, development, and utilization of the LONESTAR (Longitudinal Student Tracking and Reporting) system are described. The system, which provides information on student achievement, program effectiveness, student retention and persistence, and enrollment behavior, is based on a cohort tracking methodology. The following topics are addressed basic design issues; selecting and defining tracking system data elements (demographics, educational background, enrollment status, term tracking, follow-up elements, and derived data elements); constructing and maintaining the tracking database; and  defining and generating system reports (institution-level and state-level reports; progress, performance and remediation status and evaluation reports; and interpreting results and using the database). LONESTAR data elements and sample pages from the LONESTAR data element dictionary are appended.

Fetched from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED310660

The researcher learned the basic design issues; selecting and defining tracking system data elements; constructing and maintaining the tracking database; and defining and generating system reports.

Foreign Studies

Posted: Saturday, July 6, 2002 12:00 am

By: Criselda Valdez

The Brownsville Herald U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service-approved schools across the country are beginning to enroll in a preliminary program called the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System, or SEVIS, which will allow them to admit foreign exchange students. The program is part of new measures to tracking foreign students, imposed after Attacks on Sept. 11 demonstrated flaws in the student visa system as evidenced by news accounts said Art Moreno, INS spokesman for the Harlingen District.The SEVIS program is an Internet-based computer system that enables schools to send notice of events or other electronic information to the INS during the foreign or exchange students stay in the United States.

Alternative Learning System Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature
Alternative Learning System Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature

According to Herald archives, 514,723 foreign students attended U.S. colleges and universities in the 1999-2000 academic year. Texas had 35,860 foreign students in the same academic year, the third-highest concentration in the nation.

The University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College enrolled 195 international students for the 2001 fall semester and only 75 held student visas. Moreno said the program would not monitor what students do on or off campus,but ensure the students comply with the requirements of an F-1, or academic visa.If the student drops out, school officials will enter that fact into the system. The State Department and INS will know they are no longer enrolled andout of status if they are still in this country, he said.

According to the INS field guide, an F-1 visa requires a student to take a full course load, equivalent to 12 credit hours at the college level. Moreno said the student must be passing all subjects in order to maintain legal status in the country, in addition to a full course load. While being employed is not required, a student who chooses to work during the first year of study is limited to employment on campus only. After the first year the student may take a job off campus as authorized by a designated school official. If a foreign student does not meet the F-1 visa criteria at any time during his or her stay, the visa is revoked and the student must return to his or her home country. Moreno said participating schools must enroll any existing and incoming foreign students into the program. The preliminary enrollment period is limited to post-secondary, language and vocational schools accredited by and agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education and public schools with the proper certification. Schools began enrolling into the program on July 1 and have at least until Aug. 16 to enroll in the program. All schools wishing to enroll foreign students must be enrolled into the SEVIS program by Jan. 1, 2003.

Fetched from: http://www.brownsvilleherald.com/news/education/foreign-student-tracking-system-set/article_b902f944-0e38-5743-8b62-46b3ed142472.html

The researcher learned that the program is part of new measures to tracking foreign students, imposed after Attacks on Sept. 11 demonstrated flaws in the student visa system as evidenced by news accounts.

According to Carol Corbett Burris and Delia T. Garrity, by the time the Rockville Centre School District began to examine its levels of courses, rigid educational systems—ones that formally assigned students to college prep, general, or vocational curricular paths or schools—had been largely dismantled in the United States and replaced with somewhat less rigid tracking systems characterized by curriculum differentiation. In modern tracking systems, students are assigned to different levels of the same course, or to a course with a different curriculum that is either more or less rigorous (Lucas, 1999; Oakes, 2005).

In still others, students and their parents are allowed to choose a tracking, with certain conditions attached to the placement. A common example is allowing students to take an honors class provided that they maintain an average of 90 or above. Standards for tracking placement are uniform in some schools; in others, each department determines the number of tracking and tracking placement.

Fetched from: http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/108013/chapters/WhatTracking-Is-and-How-to-Start-Dismantling-It.aspx

The researcher learned that if Schools want to dismantle their tracking system should begin by analyzing grouping practices in their school and district, regardless of the label used by the district. This analysis should focus on the long-term effects of the school’s grouping practices.

 Related System

Local System

According to Evangelista (2008) the university’s Student Information System (SIS) of Nueva Viscaya State University is a secure, web accessible interactive computer system that allows user access to grade reports, transcripts, schedule of classes, and remaining balance for the semester and register for classes online. Through the system, students would be assigned a unique identification number. All data to and from the university would use that unique identifier. The use of individual student records would increase the admissions capacity to follow a student’s progress over time; provide better quality data to drive more enlightened policy decisions resulting in enhanced educational opportunities for all students; reduce data collection burden through a web enabled SIS; and as a tool of parents in tracking the academic performance of their children.

Fetched from:  CHAPTER_2_REVIEW_OF_RELATED_LITERATURE_AND_STUDIES

The researcher studied that through the system students must be assigned a unique identification number. Students tracking would increase the admissions capacity to follow a student progress overtime provide better quality data, resulting enhanced educational opportunities.

According to Aquino(2005) importance of tracking computer application is increasing day by day.  In the latest decades the millennium winning organization are those which are willing to integrate business strategy and computer information technology results for them to be able to tracking products Fast and make decisions fast,  ability to have fluid organization structures,  able to cope with the demanding work force and external environment by the rapid development of innovative approaches and lastly using information system confirms the company mission vision.

Fetched from:  https://www.academia.edu

The researcher investigated that tracking computer information technology develops product fast and make decisions fast,  ability to have fluid organization structures, and able to work or cope with the demanding work force. 

Foreign System

According to Desousa (2008), Web based application have four core benefits. These are the following: Compatibility. Web based applications are far more compatible across platforms than traditional installed software like web browsers. Efficiency. Everyone hates to deal with piles of paper unless they do not have any other alternatives. The benefit of web based solution makes services and information available from any web facilitated Personal Computer (PC).  Security of live data. Normally in more complex systems data is moved about separate systems and data sources. In web based systems, these systems and processes can often be merged by reducing the need to move the data around. Web based applications also provide an additional security by tracking the need for the user to have access to the data and back end servers. Cost Effective. Web based applications can considerably lower the costs because of reduced support and maintenance, lower requirements on the end user system and simplified plans.

Fetched from: https://scholar.google.com

The researcher studied that the benefits of web based solution  makes services and information available from any web facilitated personal computer. And web based applications also provide an additional security by tracking the need for the user to have access to the data.

Synthesis

The prior conceptual and researched literature and studies, associated directly and indirectly to the present research provided name insights about the nature and scope of the study, which is the feasibility of an online information system for alternative learning system. The ALS implies that the existing system they are using causes delay in giving information for the past learners.

Both foreign and local studies discussed the function of an information system. The information system is supposed to inform people, supports people or users in making intelligent decisions based upon the information derived form reliable data. On the other hand issues, controversies and concerns are the focus of the related local studies.

The related literature and studies have significant relationship with the present study in the sense that both are discussing about the benefits of having an information system that could replace the old system by ALS department.

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